Quill and Ink Hoover, J(ohn) Edgar
criminologist, director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

1895-1972


J. Edgar Hoover Hoover was born in Washington, D.C., on January 1, 1895, and studied law at George Washington University. In 1917 he was admitted to the bar, and in the same year he joined the staff of the U.S. Department of Justice. Two years later he was appointed a special assistant to the U.S. attorney general. In 1924 he was named head of the Bureau of Investigation of the Justice Department. In 1935, when the division became the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Hoover was made its director. He served under every president from Calvin Coolidge to Richard Nixon.

Hoover instituted many of the techniques and procedures that made the FBI famous for its efficient apprehension of criminals. During the 1930s he supervised the investigations that led to the capture of many criminals, including the bank robber John Dillinger. In World War II the counterespionage and antisabotage operations conducted by the FBI were successful in preventing interference by German and Japanese agents with the U.S. war effort. After the war, he led the bureau in an exhaustive series of investigations designed to curb subversive activities both within the federal government and in private industries and institutions.

Hoover was a controversial figure for many years. Critics accused him of abusing his power and exceeding the jurisdiction of the FBI. His contributions to the advancement of police technology, however, are undeniable. Hoover died May 1, 1972, in Washington, D.C. His writings include Persons in Hiding (1938), Masters of Deceit (1958), A Study of Communism (1962), and Crime in the United States (1965).


J. Edgar Hoover death records getting another look

by Kalpana Srinivasan
The Associated Press
Jan. 18, 1998

WASHINGTON - A university professor of forensic science, suspecting foul play in J. Edgar Hoover's death, has been granted access to the District of Columbia medical examiner's records to reinvestigate how the former FBI director died.

George Washington University Professor James Starrs believes the records may clarify the circumstances around Hoover's 1972 death at age 77, which was attributed officially to a heart attack. No autopsy was performed.

Starrs says nothing in Hoover's medical history would suggest he was a candidate for a heart attack. Without an autopsy, other causes of death are still open, he said.

"Everything thus far indicates there was nothing of sufficient medical history to write this off as a heart attack," Starrs said yesterday in a telephone interview. "Hoover had numerous enemies from all walks of life; the man's life was marked for death by all kinds of people."

Hoover's death will be the subject of a panel at the upcoming American Academy of Forensic Science meeting on Feb. 13 in San Francisco, Calif. Starrs will join experts such as renowned forensic pathologist Dr. Michael Baden, a witness in the O.J. Simpson case, and handwriting expert Dr. Duayne Dillon, who examined papers believed to belong to John F. Kennedy.

Starrs says his longheld interest in the Hoover case has been compounded by various suspicious details people have reported through the years.

One theory suggests that burglars on the Hoover premises might have poisoned his toiletries, which could have triggered a heart attack, Starrs said. According to another report, a neighbor saw someone moving a body back to the house the day of the death, Starrs said.

While the professor is not advancing views on a motive or suspect, he notes that plenty of peoplemight have wanted Hoover dead.

"The main suggestion was that it was part of the Watergate scene in the '70s," Starrs said.

Starrs already has obtained some FBI records on Hoover, which he will use to compare notes with the medical-examiner papers. He is particularly interested in details such as when the funeral home embalmed the body and who the doctor was that Hoover had an appointment with the day of his death.

"This is not a cold fishing expedition," he said. "I know what I am looking for."

The various experts at next month's meeting will consider whether Hoover could have been poisoned, as well as whether there were any signs of a heart condition in Hoover's profile. A former federal prosecutor will listen to the collected material at the event and determine whether there is enough evidence to form a case. The former prosecutor's opinion, however, will have no official weight.

Starrs says he and other skeptics will not call for the exhumation of the body until they have amassed enough proof to warrant it.

"I'm conscious of the fact that the public thinks there are a group of people who are graverobbers," Starrs said. "We have to do significant investigation to prove the merit for an exhumation."

Several years ago, Starrs dug up infamous outlaw Jesse James. He also has asked to exhume the remains of famed explorer Meriwether Lewis to determine whether his death in 1809 was a murder or suicide.


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